What are the different types of packaging materials? (2023)

Are you entering the world of product packaging? If so, there are many items to consider and report. One of the essential things to consider during this time is choosing the right type of packaging material.

When you want to pack a product, you have to decide what type of material you want to use. But what material to choose? Plastic, metal, cardboard, cardstock, aluminum foil, shrink wrap, bioplastics, boxes, casings, or anything else?

After exploring your options, you can choose the best materials for your packaging needs. But you must understand which consumables are appropriate for your applications.

Industrial Packaging has sold, managed and advised on packaging materials for generations. We know the entire domain of packaging materials inside and out.

This article will show you some of the packaging materials currently available. We will help you understand each option. So you can make an informed decision about which material is right for your products.

Let's dive into several different types ofpackaging materialsUnder of. Each section details what packaging material it is made of and when it is best to use it.

Each type of material is linked to a more detailed article. These articles will offer a deeper exploration of this particular type of material.

Corrugated cardboard

Corrugated cardboardthey are a staple of the packaging industry. For generations, corrugated cardboard boxes have been a must-have packaging material. They are used to pack tons of products on packaging lines around the world.

Corrugated cardboard boxes are typically purchased pre-formed into a traditional rectangular box shape. On the other hand, they may arrive in flat stacks, in which case the boxes must be assembled by hand.

Corrugated cardboard boxes are often used for packaging applications in conjunction withbox assemblers.Case assemblers are a type of packaging machinery. People use these machines to mold flat cardboard into a traditional box shape. The boxes are then used to pack and ship products.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (1)

Corrugated cardboard boxes are made from (you guessed it) corrugated cardboard.

corrugated cardboardIt is a packaging material made of cardboard. Usually corrugated cardboardIt's doneof one ormultipletypes of fiberboard corrugated cardboardit's createdthrough a process called corrugated lamination (AKA: corrugation).

Corrugated cardboard is sometimes called corrugated cardboard. cardboard cantechnicallybe any heavy pulp-based shipping material.

Items commonly packaged in corrugated boxes include electronics, DVDs, consumer goods, and prepackaged foods such as cereals, snacks, and crackers.

stretch film

stretch filmIt is one of the most common packaging materials in the world. Companies with a shipping department almost always use stretch wrap. They use it to contain their products on pallets before they are shipped.

This is done to protect the products from collapse or damage during the shipping process. stretch filmachieves this goal with what is called "load containment."

In a nutshell, cargo containment allows your cargo to be properly secured in place so it can reach its destination safely.

(Video) Food Packaging Materials – Types and Features

There are several types of stretch wrap material currently available. EachIt's donefor specific applications. These types of movies include:

  • stretching machine
    • stretch plaster
    • stretch blown
    • pre-stretch
    • Hay Bale Elongation
  • hand stretch
  • color stretch
  • UVI Stretch
  • IVC stretch
  • ventilated stretch
  • reinforced stretch
  • no sticky stretch

Each of the above film formulations is designed for specific applications. Each formulation is to be used for the specified suggested applications. Using the wrong type of stretch film can result in inadequate load containment. Safety issues and poorly packaged pallets can result from using the wrong film.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (2)

stretch film isCommonlyIt is used for the packaging and unitization of multiple packages. This includes multiple packs of toilet paper, paper towels, and bottled water.

Looking for packaging supplies?We can help!

What are the different types of packaging materials? (3)

shrink film

shrink filmit is used in millions of packaging lines in companies around the world. It is one of the most popular types of packaging materials currently on the market. It is used to package an impressive variety of products.

There are different types of shrink film formulations. The most common formulations are polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE) and polyolefin (POF). each formulationIt is designedfor specific applications. For example, polyolefin is the best shrink film for food wrapping.

Using the wrong shrink wrap for the wrong products can result in poor packaging. It can also result in security risks and machine problems.

Shrink film is used to package products together withshrink tunnelsmisealants🇧🇷 These are two types of packaging machinery required to run shrink film on your packaging line. The product first goes through the sealer, which places the product in a shrink film bag.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (4)

Then each side of the bag is heat sealed. The product moves along the line to the shrink tunnel (also known as a heat tunnel). From there, the shrink wrap bag shrinks evenly around the product inside.

Shrink film is commonly used to package board games, frozen pizza boxes, and small consumer goods.

More Sustainable Shrink Film Alternatives

While currently only available in limited quantities,biodegradable shrink filmsmirecycled shrink filmssoncurrently available. For those of you who place significant importance on sustainability and environmental preservation, these may be of interest to you.you

It must be noticed; these films are typically significantly more expensive and, due to supply chain issues, can be difficult to procure on a consistent basis. Some of these movies may also have minimum order requirements.

printed shrink film

The two primary forms ofprinted shrink filminclude polyolefin (or POF) shrink film and polyethylene shrink film. Polyethylene (or PE) shrink film is most commonly sold by shrink film manufacturers (also known as OEMs) and is typically thicker than polyolefin films.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (5)

(Video) Common Types of Food Packaging Materials

Essentially, the printed films are almost identical to traditional transparent shrink films. But, with a caveat. Unlike transparent shrink film, printed film has the unique ability to print brand aesthetics and eye-catching graphics directly onto the film itself. Unlike transparent shrink films, printedpolyolefin free filmrequire labels.

Printed shrink films are most commonly used by high volume CPG companies and provide a unique material for this type of business. It should be noted that all printed shrink films have a minimum order requirement.

As such they are generally not suitable for low volume applications. On average, the minimum order for printed shrink film is around 50,000 copies. An impression is the length of film needed to wrap a single package.

Although printed shrink films are generally more expensive than traditional clear shrink films, some light gauge printed films aremore accessiblewhile being just as gorgeous as their chunkier counterparts.

shrink film tube

shrink film tubeIt is a type of flat plastic tube material that is rolled into a core. Shrink film tube is commonly cut into individual sheets called shrink sleeves. These sleeves are used to pack many different types ofproducts

What are the different types of packaging materials? (6)

Shrink film tubing (also known as "heat seal" tubing, polyethylene tubing, or high speed tubing) is made from several different plastic formulations. This piping material is commonly used to package various types of consumer goods. This can include glass bottles, fishing rods, metal rods, and other products.

Shrink film tubes are available in custom and standard sizes. Like printed shrink film, shrink film tube can be printed with graphics, images, typography and other branding elements.

polyethylene bags

Usually,polyethylene bagsThey are clear or transparent bags made of plastic that are most commonly used to package and ship specific consumer products. Generally speaking, polythene bags are made from polyethylene, one of the most popular types of plastic packaging formulations today.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (8)

Plastic bags have an average thickness of 1 to 6 mils. However, there are exclusive polyethylene bags available in other thicknesses, both thinner and thicker. Some special plastic formulations are also available on request. Polythene bags are popular due to their slim body shape, soft touch, reflectivity, and high flexibility.

Plastic bags are most commonly used in packaging applications for a variety of consumer products, including T-shirts, industry magazines, various mailers, bed sheets, pillows, and many other products.

roll bags

roll bagssona type of clear or printed flexible bag that is made from several different plastic formulations. These bags are pre-rolled in aplastic core and comes on a roll. Each bag has an open side for easy product insertion and a perforated opposite end, allowing each bag to be easily removed from the roll.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (9)

Roll bagging is similar to the bags you would normally find hanging on a roll in the supermarket for product bagging. While wheelie bags are more popular in the e-commerce market, they are also widely used for paper mailings and certain types of medical products.

movie pack

Packaging film is a type of shrink film. This type of film is commonly used to form packages of multiple products. Multiple packages are also known as bundles. A multipack can include standalone items or be placed on a pallet or sheet of material.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (10)

The package is hidden inside shrink wrap (most commonlyPEBD) and moved through a heat tunnel. The package is then wrapped with shrink film, which holds the package together. Items packaged this way include items such as water bottle wrappers or tissue boxes.

reduction ranges

Contraction bands (also known assealing bands) are a kind ofprotective packaging.These bands are often perforated for ease of use..Retractable banners are pre-made to fit the lid of different types of products. These products include bottles, vials, liquid droppers, andother similar items.

(Video) Types of daraz packaging material for Pakistani seller how to pack in Boxes دراز کا پیکنگ میٹیریل

So how do you apply a shrink band?AA soft plastic ring is placed on the lid of the container to be sealed. Heat is then used to cause the ring to shrink evenly around the lid. This heat can be applied with a heat gun, shrink tunnel, or steam tunnel.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (11)

Shrink wraps are like other tamper-evident packaging materials. They will let the consumer know if their product hasbeen exposeddamage or manipulate. They help protect consumers from consuming unsafe items.

Shrink bands provide additional strength for product lid sealing. This means that the product labelis improvedcomadditionalprotective qualities.

Flexible Bags

Soft bags are usually made of aluminum foil or plastic (although they can be made of other materials). They are used in packaging for various applications. These applications include food and beverage packaging, as well as industrial liquid packaging. They can be found on the shelves of supermarkets and other retail stores.

Flexible bags have become extremely popular.in recent years for food packaging. This is because most of these bags are resealable. They have alow environmental impactand they are cheaper to produce than alternative packaging materials such as glass, cardboard, metal and paperboard.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (12)

The flexible bags areCommonlyused to package products such as granola, energy drinks, coffee, soups, snack foods, nuts, and many other types of food products.

The industrial hemp market has recently embraced flexible bags. They are commonly used as containers for cannabis andhemp productssuch as gummies, whole hemp flowers and other edibles.


well-builtThe materials are mainly used to group products and protect palletized loads during transport and storage. When used for palletizing, it is often supplemented with the added security ofstretch wrap.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (13)

There are several different types of strapping material formulations, including polypropylene (PP), polyester (PET), and steel. Suitable strapping applications depend on the formulation required. For example, typical applications for polypropylene include:

  • newspapers
  • magazines
  • direct suitcase
  • marcos
  • parapet
  • Wooden floor
  • Cookware
  • Clothing
  • food
  • hay bales

carton packaging

Carton packaging is a family of packaging supplies that includes three subcategories: skin, blister, and clamshell packaging. These materials are widely used throughout the world for a wide range of products.

From fishing lures to tools, from over-the-counter pharmaceuticals to craft supplies, the applications for this type of packaging are virtually endless. Still, they each have their own subtle differences and uses.

Let's get to know each type of cardboard packaging currently available and discover the differences and applications of each style.

skin packaging

Skin packaging or "skin packs" are a way ofcarton packagingmaterials that completely envelop the product contained in a piece of leather board.A thin sheet of anyleatherette film or surlynit covers the product and is usually vacuum sealed in the lining plate.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (14)

Skin packaging may resemble blister packaging, but with skin packaging, the film takes the shape of the product instead of being placed in a standard or universal container.

Products typically sold in skin packs may include seafood, pork, poultry, bison, hand tools, hardware, and other consumer goods.

(Video) The Evolution of Packaging Materials

Packaging films for fur packaging

For skin packaging, there are two main types of plastic films used for these applications. These films include surlyn and skin poly film.


Dupont™ manufactures Surlyn® skin films. They are a lightweight and aesthetically pleasing alternative to shells or blister packs. Surlyn® is used to vacuum pack products on coated skin boards where very high clarity and strength are required. Surlyn is commonly used for food packaging.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (15)

Polypele movie

polyethylene filmsIt is another skin film most used in the formation of skin packaging. Skin poly is used for the same applications as surlyn. Skin poly is used in place of surlyn when the application requires a low density polyethylene (LDPE) plastic formulation.

For applications that demand high clarity and strength, surlyn is the superior choice, offering both capabilities in a single film.

blister packaging

Blister Pack is the term used to describe various types of preformed plastic containers withvial holdersIt is commonly used to package products such as chewing gum, fishing lures, and over-the-counter pharmaceuticals.

The main part of a blister pack is a thermoformed container made from various plastic formulations. A cardboard, foil or plastic backing is attached to the back of the container. The backer is used to seal the products inside the container.

Blister packaging is an excellent option forprotection productsfrom damage, moisture and contamination for long periods of time.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (16)

Products commonly found inside blister packs include fishing supplies, arts and crafts supplies, toys, and other consumer goods. If you have batteries lying around your house, they are probably packaged in a good brand blister pack with a cardboard back.


What are the different types of packaging materials? (17)

Clamshells are another type of carton packaging.Most shells are made of plastic. However, they are sometimes made from Styrofoam, cardboard, recycled paper, or cardboard.

Shells are made by applying two identical "shells" together. These plastic shells are connected on one side and have locking tabs on the other side. Tabs allow for easy opening and sealing capability.

Common applications for clamshells include take-out items, grinders, breakfast sandwiches, salads, chicken wings, and other similar items.

Are there other types of packing supplies available?

The list above contains many of the most popular types of packaging materials and includes some types of packaging materials from bothflexible packaging and rigid packagingoptions Despite the length of the list above, it only represents a fraction of the packaging materials currently available. Some other packing supplies worth mentioning include:

While it only presents a selection of the most popular packaging materials, the packaging materials listed in this article should provide enough information for you to begin to form an idea about the type of packaging material that would work best for your packaging requirements. product.

How to choose the right packaging materials

Now that you understand the different types of packaging materials, the next step is to determine the most suitable materials for packaging your products. To do so, see this companion article,What packaging supplies are right for your products?It will provide you with everything you need to know to choose the right packaging materials.

On the other hand, if you prefer professional guidance in choosing suitable packaging materials for your products, you may wantconsider speaking with one of our packaging experts🇧🇷 They will help you select the right packaging materials and supplier, even if that supplier is not us.

What are the different types of packaging materials? (18)

(Video) How To Select Best Packaging Material For Your Products?


Why are there different types of packaging? ›

The different types of Packaging provide a protective layer for products made from many common materials and are unique in that they provide both protection during shipping and storage, but also act as a sales and marketing tool, as well.

How many types of packaging are there? ›

Each level of packaging serves a specific purpose. It's important to be able to distinguish among the three levels, because each is intended for different packaging scenarios.

What are the four most common types of packaging materials? ›

There are a lot of popular packaging materials that people like to use: paperboard boxes, plastic wrap, aluminum foils, but not all of them work well for every product. Your choice depends on what type of product you are selling as well as your personal preference.

What is the most common packaging material? ›

Plastic. Plastic is probably the most well-known packaging material. It ranges from packing peanuts to large clamshell containers and everything in between.

What are the different packaging characteristics? ›

The characteristics of packaging are to contain, to protect, to communicate and to market the product.

What is the importance of packaging materials? ›

As well as protecting the product, packaging contributes to efficient distribution, makes storage easy, and can convey crucial handling information, all while promoting your company at the same time!

What are the characteristics of different packaging materials? ›

In general, look for the following quality in packaging materials:
  • Durable and high quality. ...
  • Cost-effective and convenient. ...
  • Tamper-evident and secure. ...
  • Environment-friendly and legally compliant. ...
  • Comes with quality customer service.

What are the 3 levels of materials for packaging? ›

There are 3 levels of packaging: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary.

What are the 3 levels of materials for packaging explain? ›

There are three distinct levels of product packaging you should be familiar with, which are primary, secondary, and tertiary. Each of these levels of packaging play an important role in protecting a product during shipping and storage.

What are the 4 common purposes of packaging? ›

Robertson (2005) attributes to packaging four functions: containment, protection, convenience and communication. In fact, each one of these functions comprises a number of different technological, engineering and commercial objectives.

What is the best material to use for packaging? ›

The 5 Most Protective Packing Materials to Use When Moving
  • Packing Paper. When it comes to packing materials, packing paper is one of the most affordable ways to protect your items while moving. ...
  • Bubble Cushioning. ...
  • Styrofoam Packing Peanuts. ...
  • Packing foam. ...
  • Specialty packing kits.
Apr 23, 2021

What are the five major categories of materials used for packaging? ›

5 of the Most Common Packaging Materials in the World
  • Paper/Paperboard/Fiberboard. Paperboard and fiberboard are used in both primary and secondary packaging for companies throughout the world. ...
  • HDPE/PET/Rigid Packaging. ...
  • LDP/LLDPE/Flexible Packaging. ...
  • Aluminum Packaging. ...
  • Glass/Jars.
Mar 27, 2017

What are the two main types of packaging? ›

These categories are:
  • Primary Packaging. Primary packaging is to hold and protect the actual product and usually has most direct contact with the contents.
  • Secondary Packaging. Secondary packaging contains and protects the primary packaging. ...
  • Tertiary packaging.

What are examples of packaging? ›

What are the best packaging types?
  • Poly bags.
  • Corrugated boxes.
  • Paper bags.
  • Paperboard boxes.
  • Plastic boxes.
  • Padded mailers.
  • Rigid boxes.
  • Custom boxes.
Feb 10, 2021

What are examples of primary packaging? ›

Primary packaging is the packaging that actually houses your product; the last line of defence between your product and the outside world. Some examples: a crisp packet, a wine bottle, a can, a chocolate bar wrapper.

What is the primary packaging? ›

Primary packaging is the packaging in direct contact with the product itself and is sometimes referred to as consumer or retail packaging. The main purpose of primary packaging is to protect and/or preserve, contain and inform the consumer.

What is traditional packaging material? ›

In earlier days, natural materials were used in packaging such as tree leaves, bamboo, lotus leaves, palm leaves, gourds, coconut shells, shells of shellfish, animal skin etc. Later on manmade material were used including fabrics, ceramics, metals, lacquer ware, wood ware, jade ware, paper etc.

What is a packaging material standard? ›

It sets the requirements to which a new packaging material should conform to be considered acceptable for its intended use. “Conformance to specifications” indicates that the packaging material specification will meet the listed acceptance criteria when tested according to the documented standard procedures.

How do you choose packaging materials? ›

Here are several key considerations when determining your choice of packaging materials.
  1. Weigh Your Costs. ...
  2. Materials & Design Should Be Brand Appropriate. ...
  3. Protection & Safety Concerns. ...
  4. Products Must Transport & Store Well. ...
  5. Ensure Printed Information Is Legible. ...
  6. Account for the Right Packaging Size.
Sep 1, 2022

What are 4 properties of packaging materials? ›

Basic mechanical properties of packaging materials (tensile stress, load force, modulus of elasticity and specific elongation) were assessed.

What is the most important factor of packaging? ›

Quality and Functionality

No matter how appealing or innovative the materials and design may be, your packaging is only effective if it protects the product against damage in transit.

What is product packaging design? ›

Product packaging design refers to the creation of the exterior of a product. That includes choices in material and form as well as graphics, colors and fonts that are used on wrapping, a box, a can, a bottle or any kind of container. It's a practical tool, yes.

What are the four 4 factors to consider in packaging? ›

4 Fundamental Factors to Consider When Choosing Packaging...
  • Secure and Durable. While all packaging should be reasonably strong, the amount of protection needed will of course, depend on the fragility of your product. ...
  • Affordable and Easy to Use. ...
  • Always Widely Available.

What is the 5 importance of packaging? ›

Packaging has many different roles. These include providing protection, safety, enhanced usability, attractive looks, optimal design and specific customer requirements, to name a few.

What is the safest packaging material? ›

By contrast, glass & ceramic are by far the safest food contact materials, which is in line with the low chemical complexity of these materials.

What packaging to protect items? ›

What are the different types of Protective Packaging?
  • Loose fill. ...
  • Paper voidfill. ...
  • Cardboard. ...
  • Bubble wrap.
Sep 7, 2022

How many types of materials are there? ›

Traditionally the three major classes of materials are metals, polymers, and ceramics. Examples of these are steel, cloth, and pottery. These classes usually have quite different sources, characteristics, and applications.

What are the 6 requirements of packaging? ›

6 Required Functions of All Product Packaging
  • To protect products from damage.
  • To provide key information.
  • To contain multiple items.
  • To promote the product.
  • To improve storage effectiveness.
  • To consider environmental impact.
Oct 4, 2021

What are the 5 types of food packaging materials? ›

Materials that have traditionally been used in food packaging include glass, metals (aluminum, foils and laminates, tinplate, and tin-free steel), paper and paperboards, and plastics.

What are the 4 levels of packaging? ›

Often, packaging can have 4 or more levels. An example of this would be a tube of tooth paste (primary level), in a folding carton (secondary level), housed in a display box (tertiary level) and then shipped in the fourth level of packaging which is, of course, its transportation packaging.

What are the 5 importance of packaging food items properly? ›

These include providing protection, safety, enhanced usability, attractive looks, optimal design and specific customer requirements, to name a few.

What are 4 uses of food packaging? ›

Food packaging is the enclosing of food to protect it from damage, contamination, spoilage, pest attacks, and tampering, during transport, storage, and retail sale.

What are the five 5 basic functions of packaging? ›

These are: Promote, Position, Present, Provide and Protect. Promotion is probably the most obvious of the traditional marketing mix elements as it pertains to packaging, but that doesn't mean it should be overlooked.

What are the 4 important elements of packaging design? ›

The four main elements of packaging are Colours, Visuals, Typography and Format. These elements help the consumers to relate to the brand easily and tend to have a high recall. Colours have great psychological impact and can draw attention to your product.


1. Packaging materials: types and selection criteria!! Glass!! Plastics!! Metals!! Rubbers.
3. Definition and Types of packaging materials | Selection criteria for packaging materials | part 1
(Pharma Unit)
(Jayrald Sabado)
5. Industrial Packaging Podcast Episode 25: What Are The Different Types of Packaging Materials?
(Industrial Packaging)
6. Food Packaging material - Plastic types || Part- I || Food technology || ICAR/GATE
(GATE with Dr. Krisha Sharma)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Otha Schamberger

Last Updated: 09/09/2023

Views: 5916

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (55 voted)

Reviews: 94% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Otha Schamberger

Birthday: 1999-08-15

Address: Suite 490 606 Hammes Ferry, Carterhaven, IL 62290

Phone: +8557035444877

Job: Forward IT Agent

Hobby: Fishing, Flying, Jewelry making, Digital arts, Sand art, Parkour, tabletop games

Introduction: My name is Otha Schamberger, I am a vast, good, healthy, cheerful, energetic, gorgeous, magnificent person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.